|You may want to support further development of this grammar overview by donating via PayPal (you do not need a PayPal account):|
Esperanto is the most commonly used artificial language. It was created by Polish physician Ludwig L. Zamenhoff and was first presented in 1887. The name of the language comes from the pseudonym (“Doktoro Esperanto”) used by the author in his first textbook. Esperanto can be learned considerably quicker than a typical natural language. The grammar is extremely regular, yet not primitive. There is only one paradigm for nouns and one paradigm for verbs. There is a simple relation between written and spoken text. The word order is “free”, allowing topic-focus articulation.
About 70% of
Esperanto vocabulary come from Romance languages, about 20% from Germanic
languages and English and some part from Slavic languages. The word-building is
very rich and highly regular.
There are several tendencies in the current Esperanto movement:
 Funk and Wagnall's The World Almanac states two millions of speakers. (The World Almanac is a part of Microsoft Bookshelf 1994)
 Zamenhof, L. L: Fundamento de Esperanto. 1905. Available online at http://akademio-de-esperanto.org/fundamento/.